and International Economies, 16 TEMPLE INT'L & COMP. L.J. 243 (2002-03) (lead
2. Solutions: Transform Tribal Gambling Facilities into Educational and Practical
.............Instead of legalizing a casino/slot machine establishment at a failing racetrack in
1997, the Nebraska legislature bulldozed the racetrack and made it into an extension of
the University of Nebraska and a high-tech office park. John W. Kindt, Would Re-
Criminalizing U.S. Gambling Pump-Prime the Economy and Could U.S. Gambling
Facilities Be Transformed into Educational and High-Tech Facilities? Will the Legal
Discovery of Gambling Companies' Secrets Confirm Research Issues?, 8 STANFORD J.L.,
BUS. & FIN. 169-212 (2003) (lead article).
.............Thereafter, as pro-gambling interests returned to Nebraska, they were repeatedly
rebuffed by the academic community, which was exemplified in one instance by 40
economists publicly rejecting new gambling proposals that would "cannibalize" the
consumer economy. Robert Dorr, 40 Economists Side Against More Gambling, Signers:
Costs Likely Higher than Profits, OMAHA WORLD-HERALD, Sept. 22, 1996, at B1.
.............In a unanimous vote (except for one dissent by a representative from a casino
district) on March 17, 2005, the Illinois House Government Affairs Committee favorably
reported H.B. 1920 to the House for a vote to re-criminalize Illinois casinos.
.............Similarly, suggestions have been made to re-criminalize gambling facilities in
other states and transform the gambling facilities into educational and high-tech assets
instead of giving the gambling industry tax breaks. Casinos and gambling parlors would
generally be compatible with transformations into educational and high-tech resources.
For example, the hotels and dining facilities could be natural dormitory facilities.
Historically, facilities built for short-term events, such as various World's Fair
Expositions, the 1996 Olympic Village (converted to facilities for the Georgia University
system), and other public events have been transformed into educational and research
.............Given the allegations of misuse, non-accounting, and even malfeasance involving
gambling revenues in Native American operations, various legislative personnel in the
late 1990s considered potential legislation that would place Native American gambling
revenues in trust for the benefit of all Native Americans, not just a few senior tribe
members. This policy was to be combined with the partial use of trust monies to convert
Native American gambling facilities into educational, cultural, and business facilities.
For a historical summary of issues, see Bruce Orwall, Gaming the System: The Federal
Regulator of Indian Gambling is Also Part Advocate, WALL ST. J., July 22, 1996, at A1.
.............For concerns by the 1999 U.S. National Gambling Impact Study Commission,
see, for example, NAT'L GAMBLING IMPACT STUDY COMM'N, FINAL REPORT 7-9 (June
1999). "Again, the unwillingness of individual tribes as well as that of the National
Indian Gaming Association (the tribes' lobbyists) and the National Indian Gaming
Commission, (the federal agency that regulates tribal gambling), to provide information
to this Commission, after repeated requests and assurances of confidentiality, limited our
" Id. With only one dissenting vote by Commissioner Robert W. Loesher
who was unduly protecting Native American gambling interests, the 1999 U.S. National
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